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Background of Darfur Conflict



Continued Violence  

  • The Janjaweed continue to victimize the destitute population of Darfur as well as the aid workers.
  • The Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) have taken the violence beyond Darfur’s borders into nearby the Kordofan region
   They are attacking government positions and foreign
      oil workers at Chinese-run oil fields.

 UN Action

  • They cited a lack of security for the participants
  • Only about half a dozen of Darfur's rebel factions  attended the talks
  • The talks, therefore, quickly stalled.

ICC Action

  •  February 2007, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), filed a nearly hundred page prosecution document as evidence with the court's judges naming Ahmad Muhammad Harun, a state minister for humanitarian affairs, along with Ali Muhammad Ali Abd-al-Rahman (also known as Ali Kushayb), a leader of the Darfur Janjaweed militia, as responsible for crimes against humanity and war crimes.


     The filing marked the first accusations against the
      named individuals as a prelude to a trial. 

     On May 02, 2007, Pretrial Chamber 1, issued warrants
     of arrests against the defendants. 

     On December 5, 2007, Moreno-Ocampo briefed the
     United Nations Security Council  on the status of his
     investigations in Sudan.          

    In reaction, Khartoum government has made no
     attempt to hand them over and continues to state that
     they will not hand their citizens over to the ICC for

Ongoing Politics

  • Under the Government of Sudan, the Juba had various rebel factions declaring unification into two major groups,

    The Juba Declaration of Unity came into force on
     Nov. 14, 2007, consented to by several factions in
     attendance (Sudan Tribune). 

  • On Saturday, December 15, 2007, it was announced that the Darfur factions, who had been meeting in Juba for more than two months, reunited under the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A)

   They declared Ahmed Abdelshafi Toba as Chairman of
     the movement, Commander-in-Chief of the Sudan
     Liberation Army, and a member of the Supreme

    Command Council ( Sudan Tribune).  



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